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### 2. Heights

Unless the ellipsoid is made to coincide with the geoid, separations between the surfaces vary, Figure C-5.

Figure C-5 Geocentric Earth Model |

There are three heights at each point, Figure C-6:

- H: Orthometric height; from the geoid to the ground point; elevation determined by leveling from a benchmark
- N: Geoid height; from the ellipsoid to the geoid. Also known as the geoidal height.
- h: Geodetic height; from the ellipsoid to the ground point. Also known as the ellipsoidal height.

Figure C-6 Heights |

The heights are related by Equation C-1.

Equation C-1 |